Pu An Guoqing book of style rosewood armchair ride traditional moldings instances of brain
(Chinese Culture Research Institute mahogany furniture Dean)
text / Pu Yasukuni edit / Caijing Qi
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Pu Yasukuni, born in 1942, Jiangsu Wuxi. China’s famous Ming and Qing furniture and arts and crafts experts and scholars, known as “China’s Soviet-style mahogany furniture, furniture research and study the first person,” the early years in the industry, “South Pu (Yasukuni) North King (World Xiang),” said. The current president of Chinese Culture Research Institute mahogany furniture, senior adviser to the Chinese traditional furniture Furniture Association Professional Committee.
nearly three centuries, mahogany furniture, Chinese furniture dominate history. Whether at home or in the international arena, it is almost all Chinese high-end furniture category irreplaceable representatives, also in continuous development and innovation in the furniture most of the times.
With the deepening of China’s reform and opening up, people’s way of life sustained significant change, advocating a culture increasingly concentrated mahogany furniture, Chinese rosewood furniture needs to create a new era of cultural heritage continues to strengthen.
material culture of the United States hard and is a carrier of mahogany furniture
of ancient furniture, developed to mid-Ming Dynasty, after a few thousand years lacquered furniture, has produced a high quality hardwood as the main material of small wooden furniture. A wide range of furniture, timber, beech, oak, rosewood, wood, ironwood, ebony, rosewood and rosewood and so on. Chinese ancient history from the development process of lacquered furniture hardwood furniture is our nation’s understanding of the furniture timber, development and creative process, which fully shows that in the history of ancient Chinese furniture, furniture, timber furniture has become a special cultural phenomenon. Expression of furniture by furniture timber culture has become an excellent cultural tradition. Therefore, there are many people on the Suzhou area with beech, old rosewood crafted Ming furniture is often considered more “Ming” furniture; while in other regions, including the use of rosewood, rosewood furniture production is considered most is “clear style” furniture. Obviously, this statement is not entirely correct, furniture, timber and furniture styles are not necessarily linked, but this is a long time people of different historical periods and different regions furniture timber a general awareness of cultural phenomena.
was Suzhou as the center of the southern region, economic development, human and cultural, literary furniture made of various new ideas, especially on the basis of the southern beech furniture on the hardwood with the expansion of resources and increase of the furniture timber more attention to fine texture, natural texture. Hang out in the humanities shock “belongings Chi” a book that was the material of choice for making furniture has pear, iron pear, red sandalwood, incense Nan, flowers Nan Nan watercress, red Mizuki, fern wood, ebony, and a dozen . And the “pear, iron pear, sweet Nan and other” crown of that “Wen wood”, the stacked stone face mountains of Yunnan marble FY fly reel called “aragonite”, starting from the aesthetics of the literati, to vigorously advocate .
wood furniture of this change, fundamentally changed the Chinese for thousands of years to paint decorated furniture in people’s lives, traditional practices and ideologies, to people’s lives brought new complex and spiritual enjoyment. “Material beauty firm, workers and Yeon Park, Seoul is believing false, Centennial Plaza I,” which is the Nanjing Museum Ming Dynasty rosewood book case (ironwood panel) inscriptions. Feelings and emotion expressed by the owner then, clearly reflects the new material when advocating cultural implication of furniture, profoundly reflects a timber of furniture a cultural pursuit and fun.
Then the sky
mahogany furniture, wood furniture is our inherited cultural tradition and continuity, due to various quality materials repeatedly not poor, so mahogany furniture gradually become a convention furniture broader cultural phenomenon. Until after the mid-Qing Dynasty, mahogany furniture is quite popular high-end furniture, has become a symbol of wealth and status in many families embody the.
However, mahogany from the outset does not refer to a particular species, except in the southern area of the most common beech, for high quality hardwoods from overseas are collectively referred to as “mahogany”, if the old mahogany, rosewood, Hong mahogany, old rosewood, rosewood, ironwood, etc. 2000, the relevant government departments to formulate a “mahogany” national standards, the mahogany wood identified as “33 trees”, “classified as red sandalwood, rosewood, incense sticks of wood, black rosewood, red rosewood, ebony, striped ebony and wenge Class 8, belonging Pterocarpus, Dalbergia, Diospyros, Cliff genus and chestnut trees are. “Experts now mahogany organization representatives, customs, inspection and quarantine areas to discuss” mahogany “GB amendments, and there is news that this revision will expand the scope of redwood trees. Thankfully, these new species of mahogany mahogany furniture market in full swing today, provides a broad prospect for a new era of brilliant mahogany furniture, provided the material is guaranteed.
However, we also find that changes in mahogany species of mahogany furniture to bring many new problems with historical material properties and cultural attributes, resulting in many different understanding. As in recent years, the industry went to the market is not adequately reflect the unique beauty of each material, the material, but blindly emphasized the so-called timber species origin, stressed that the new material and old material parity, for different materials, color, texture, and so on mahogany furniture and artistic cultural show does not agree, and some even think, “grimace” the more expensive, or some furniture to get the bells and whistles to the point, someone went so far that this is the traditional culture of Chinese classical furniture timber. The culture of the Ming and Qing furniture merely surface-level understanding of the material has a very serious impediment to the development of traditional Chinese furniture in the new era. This sort of “only material for the United States,” the phenomenon is completely distorted the furniture timber special cultural connotation. Therefore, we must re height of the times, the ancients attention seriously to try to figure out the nature of furniture material significance and cultural value, better to attach importance to traditional furniture “material beauty and strong,” the human spirit, continue to build brand position modern mahogany furniture .
craftsmanship is the essence of culture mahogany furniture
traditional mahogany furniture is the most amazing craftsmanship, a piece of furniture, regardless of their breed, how many parts of the class size, style, or the materials used are handmade and need to go through the process. Sawing, planing, scraping, carving, cutting, filing, pocket material, scary, slotted cable management, assembly, sanding, wipe paint a series of manual processes in order to achieve the specific functional and aesthetic features practical furniture. Therefore, the production process is the use of the superb craftsmanship that different materials and components produced different effects and decorative molding; was excellent manual skills, make perfect furniture shape, style, showing the substance as a cultural product and artistry. Today, it remains the reason why the Chinese furniture with such high level of enthusiasm, which is very important reason is that this is a precious Chinese furniture craftsmen to create culture. For example, melon Lenz in legs “outside arc” divert “the arc” of the manufacture, desk drawer “left pushed right out,” tight seam assembly process, are the traditional craft of woodworking unique skills. There are drawers and cupboard doors so-called “pass wind”, etc., are the handicraft production of “beauty tips.” The traditional five foot stool plum, five foot end can be done in a circular motion transposition of the unity of India, no less, craftsmen who put this process is also referred to as “adjusted five,” one must also woodworking.
Ming furniture making skills, in 2005 was included in the State Department announced the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage, which is fully explained in this traditional craftsmanship heritage must be better in today’s production of mahogany furniture and carry forward. The so-called “art” or “traditional art”, within the meaning of it is these can achieve a variety of manual expression or artistic cultural products. Most of these techniques have produced a wealth of empirical, in the hands of artists and craftsmen, often emotional, straightforward technique and ability is their decades of hands-harvest, some or even dozens of generations crystallization generation and accumulation of practice wisdom. Such arrangements mahogany furniture paint process, the process of stress, in the southern region has never stopped, and in modern production and some have been lost face. Ancient furniture or antiques industry calls “patina”, in fact sanding, painting, wipe light craft are closely related. Mahogany furniture so often wipe paint luminous light, moist smooth, there is an intriguing texture, feel exceptionally comfortable supple. In fact, the traditional so-called “clear parallel” is definitely not the kind of “polish wax” products on the market now, but to finish well, the same color, do not need to make arrangements directly lacquer colored mahogany furniture.
in traditional arts and crafts, and many of them are full of informative and thoughtful things, rising by experience come theory. In the traditional mahogany furniture, we can see that reflected the product of culture, art skills, in addition to specific “technique”, but also contains a number of specific cultural content, reflecting the traditional furniture that people realize all the thinking and intelligent creatures. Zoe creatures produce specific “technique” is concerned, the old manual process can be, it can be today the development of modern science and technology. But both are not the same performance characteristics, artistic features and gives the product not the same cultural connotations. Therefore, the inclusion of “intangible cultural heritage” of Ming furniture making skills needed in many handicraft heritage is characterized as a manifestation of cultural heritage, the mahogany furniture in today’s development of production should be better and more fully reflected . Many manual machining characteristics of culture is still not a substitute, for example, all kinds of changes, “stub” tenon “engagement save bucket” made member “full work” and “shovel depression” and so far in mahogany furniture often lack the performance, even the “drum leg swelling teeth” to make law, it has lost a lot of excellent traditional charm. Therefore, the inclusion of “intangible cultural heritage” of Ming furniture production techniques, it is to craft for the performance characteristics of the cultural heritage from generation to generation, it should be better reflected in today’s production of mahogany furniture, and more fully development of.
short, mahogany furniture making skills culmination of the ancient craft of carpentry, is a traditional Chinese craftsmanship in an excellent example, is a rare cultural essence, to promote our national culture, rich people today substances cultural quality of life, have a special significance and role.
mortise and tenon structure is a cultural miracle traditional furniture
dating back seven thousand years ago, our early Neolithic cultural sites have a civil Hemudu mortise and tenon structure, through the ages towards development, from the “joinery” process in the Song Dynasty architecture, to the Ming and Qing hardwood furniture Precision sound organizational structure, can be said to be unique in the world to complete a great invention and creation. This bump scattered “yin and yang of art”, not only to form the shape of Chinese furniture has brought infinite mystery, with its refined and perfect appearance, smart and reasonable way to becoming a science richest colors, complete system of cultural miracle .
structure and organization
traditional furniture mortise and tenon, and was first used by our chief engineer Mr Yeung outstanding architect cartographic carefully. There Ming mortise, tenon nausea, Georgia corner joints, tenon mahogany prop angle, the length of the tongue, hold the shoulder joints, dovetail, wearing a belt tongue, tongue hanging hook, hanging mortise, tenon wedge nails, chuck tenon so dozens. As to chuck tenon example, usually documented legs out of the upper notch material embedded tooth head and teeth, and then the tip of the tongue portion into the mortise hole into the side frame. The advantage of this configuration is that the use of teeth to increase the length of the side in contact with the desktop site, efforts to enhance the rigidity of the object node, and use of the tooth form of the teeth of the head to increase the area of contact with the ends of the legs, so that more teeth between the legs with the case of a solid structure fastness. This is a feature mortise and tenon, and it is science, it is art, in this case T-shaped leg mortise and tenon construction, but also because of different methods and organizational methods combined timber-and there are different kinds of parts and difference. If peace raglan shoulder tenon joints, which are embodied in the creation of cultural identity has fully reflect the cultural characteristics of the woodwork. Chinese traditional furniture with mortise and tenon scientific and reasonable structure, is still deeply shocked the world with the industry.
I collected a carpenter using a “big feet”, the “ruler Miao” and “foot stand” vertical structure of the way, very rare, inventor of the use of hard wood will be flat rigid elastic material “foot seedling” split end, made two tenon, inserted in the “Block Size” Mao Tower side of the saw kerf slot, do not move do not shake, solid if one. This may be called “film clip joints” of mortise and tenon, so we once again saw the craft of woodworking mortise and tenon again for the amazing creativity of the ancient mortise and tenon process has not been documented to add a new style.
Many mortise and tenon structure
, since thousands of years the Chinese furniture manufacturing full play to the characteristics of the body of the timber since, creating an independent body shape design furniture, it does not need to use any other materials and methods for connection and reinforcement . Thus, in modern mahogany furniture production, should make full use of traditional mortise and tenon construction, modern design to better achieve unity mahogany furniture form and function, the results reflect the manufacturing combination of science and art, to eliminate all dummy and pretend, as well as by the This structural damage arising.
known, mahogany furniture using mortise and tenon machining has become a trend, but many of the machining process is not reasonable, as with modern furniture “pipe joints,” and the use of modern alternative to traditional adhesive glue the mortise and tenon practices are incompatible with mahogany furniture serious risks.
design innovation is the cultural values of contemporary mahogany furniture
Undoubtedly, modern production of mahogany furniture, wood species and quality hardwood furniture of Ming and Qing dynasties used, processing technology have a lot of differences. The reality of the social environment and the huge difference in more ancient times, many new concepts and requirements, all we need to strive to create a new spirit of the times mahogany furniture. Produced by modern mahogany furniture, to reflect a new era of consciousness, showing new era property, continue to establish a high-end furniture brand image of the product.
Today, we can easily recognize that the so-called brand, often represents a unique spiritual quality of the product, which embodies the era’s aesthetic taste and human environment. Brand as a culture, is the product of personality show, need to reflect the values of specific consumer groups, social status and style and temperament. Therefore, the brand as a culture, should be the first time.
However, many businesses still think, as long as the use of rosewood, yellow rosewood furniture to imitation Ming court, is the fine traditional culture of China’s furniture inheritance; Ming-style furniture nondescript transformation, is the furniture culture of innovation. In recent years, production from south to north so-called “palace chair”, the proportion of loss of degrees, outrageous styling, clumsy process, we can only believe that this is today’s furniture market and extreme social dislocation caused by the consumption of cultural and ideological seriously lagging behind. Obviously, this is not representative of contemporary furniture mahogany furniture culture, the lack of cultural zeitgeist.
should look at how to mahogany furniture market today, features traditional furniture understanding of the times, we believe that only unswervingly take the road of innovation, create play really representative of China’s new generation of high-end furniture, to create a second eleventh century classic mahogany furniture brand products to. Therefore, we must first establish the scientific concept of development and innovation, to grasp a little more than the inheritance and innovation on the basis of theoretical knowledge to the development of cultural heritage dialectics, follow the objective law of ethnic and cultural progress. All aspects of materials and function, species and categories, shape and style, structure and other processes, we should keep in-depth study, carefully designed to create, discover new content, new forms, in order to achieve the new changes. In short, innovation requires the guidance of correct theory requires persistent practice of production units, remove all the wrong orientation, really go out of a “Guweijinyong” road.
thirty years ago, I worked in a designer responsible for the design and mahogany furniture factory “a kind of” work. That more than eight years experience still fresh, even a “Ming pinch moldings” application and design, will be twists and turns, spend a lot of time and energy, and ultimately to achieve some new effects in the furniture modeling. As we all know, “stub” can be said to be the lifeblood of Ming furniture, Chinese furniture is the physical manifestation of the beauty of the important, but only in innovative practice, we can truly appreciate its rich artistic life and culture.
mahogany furniture “line” with Chinese painting lines, as are the essence of Chinese folk art, filled with distinctive characteristics and unique form of the vagaries of aesthetic taste. This beauty is timeless, contemporary Chinese rosewood furniture innovation must absorb nutrients, is an important symbol of Chinese furniture and cultural value. Let today become permanent mahogany furniture brand, we need to all aspects of the production process from mahogany furniture, functionality and modern human environment, to efforts to strengthen innovation.
Source: “classical furniture”